He implemented the Roman School of composition with his court orchestra, however, his plans to win Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina as Kapellmeister foundered on financial reasons. Maximilian II figures in José Saramago's 2008 novel The Elephant's Journey. He is buried in St. Vitus Cathedral in Prague. Type the first letters of the first or last name (at least 3 letters) in the input field. November 4 » Eighty Years' War: In Flanders, Spain captures Antwerp (after three days the city is nearly destroyed). L'archiduc Jean-Baptiste d'Autriche, à la tête de deux corps d'armée, tente d'envahir le nord de l'Italie. of Aragon", "Habsburg, Elisabeth von Oesterreich (Königin von Polen)", Maximilian Franz, Archbishop-Elector of Cologne, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Maximilian_II,_Holy_Roman_Emperor&oldid=977418251, Candidates for the Polish elective throne, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from May 2018, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Later generations are included although Austrian titles of nobility were abolished in 1919. http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/370517/Maximilian-II, "Habsburg, Philipp I. der Schöne von Oesterreich", Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich, "Charles, called The Bold, duke of Burgundy", "Ferdinand V. of Castile and Leon and II. Scarica subito, scopri Maximilien II su openMLOL. He refused to accede to the demands of the Lutheran princes; on the other hand, although the increase of sectarianism was discussed, no decisive steps were taken to suppress it, and the only result of the meeting was a grant of assistance for the war with the Turks, which had just been renewed. His reign also saw the high point of Protestantism in Austria and Bohemia and unlike his successors, Maximilian did not try to suppress it. Jan 9, 2017 - Anna d'Autriche, v.14 ans (1549-1580), Fille de Maximilien II (Empereur des Romains) Found 1 sentences matching phrase "Maximilien II du Saint-Empire".Found in 2 ms. He died in Vienna, Austria. Upon Charles' victory in the 1547 Battle of Mühlberg, Maximilian put in a good word for the Schmalkaldic leaders, Elector John Frederick I of Saxony and Philip I, Landgrave of Hesse, and soon began to take part in Imperial business. [5] Also, he was considered a promising commander, while Philip disliked war and only once personally commanded an army. Archduke Frederick of Austria (21 June 1562 – 16 January 1563). The religious demands of the Protestants were still unsatisfied, while the policy of toleration had failed to give peace to Austria. Having spent his childhood years at his father's court in Innsbruck, Tyrol, Maximilian was educated principally in Italy. In September 1563 he was crowned King of Hungary by the Archbishop of Esztergom, Nicolaus Olahus, and on his father's death, in July 1564, he succeeded to the empire and to the kingdoms of Hungary, Croatia and Bohemia. He was named after his great-grandfather, Emperor Maximilian I. Translation memories are created by human, but computer aligned, which might cause mistakes. However, Charles' brother Ferdinand, who had already been designated as the next occupant of the imperial throne, and his son Maximilian objected to this proposal. [4] While his cousin was reserved and shy, Maximilian was outgoing and charismatic. He also came in contact with the Lutheran teaching and early on corresponded with the Protestant prince Augustus of Saxony, suspiciously eyed by his Habsburg relatives. Jan 23, 2015 - Anthonis Mor, Portrait of Mary of Austria, wife of Maximilian II (detail) 1551 etc. Philipp Wolfgang, Count of Hanau-Lichtenberg. Enter your e-mail address and you will receive the monthly, free Genealogy Online newsletter (in English) with new pedigrees and news and tips on the largest genealogy website in the Netherlands and Belgium. Genealogical publications are copyright protected. Showing page 1. Do you have supplementary information, corrections or questions with regards to empereur Maximilien II d'Autriche?The author of this publication would love to hear from you! On his deathbed he refused to receive the last sacraments of the Church. The Ottomans would besiege and conquer Szigetvár in 1566, but their sultan, Suleiman the Magnificent, would die of old age during the siege. On 13 September 1548 Emperor Charles V married Maximilian to Charles's daughter (Maximilian's cousin) Maria of Spain in the Castile residence of Valladolid. Amidst general expectations on the part of the Protestants he met his first summoned Diet of Augsburg in March 1566. Maximilian II (31 July 1527 – 12 October 1576), a member of the Austrian House of Habsburg, was Holy Roman Emperor from 1564 until his death. He disappointed the German Protestant princes by his refusal to invest Lutheran administrators of prince-bishoprics with their imperial fiefs. Despite Maria's commitment to Habsburg Spain and her strong Catholic manners, the marriage was a happy one. Maximilien II du Saint-Empire traduzione nel dizionario francese - italiano a Glosbe, dizionario online, gratuitamente. After several refusals he consented in 1560 to the banishment of Pfauser, and began again to attend the Masses of the Catholic Church. Browse upcoming and past auction lots by Sofonisba Anguissola. François-Annibal era figlio del marchese Antonio IV d'Estrées e di sua moglie, Françoise Babou de La Bourdaisière nonché fratello di Gabrielle d'Estrées, amante di Enrico IV di Francia.Destinato inizialmente alla carriera ecclesiastica, successivamente preferì intraprendere quella militare ed entrò nell'esercito francese dove raggiunse rapidamente il grado di tenente generale. Biografia. Scopri Maximilien: Archiduc D'Autriche, Empereur Du Mexique. Copyright protected work may not simply be copied or republished. Guarda le traduzioni di ‘Maximilien’ in Italiano. Attention: Wife (Marie d'Autriche) is also his cousin. To his indignation, King Ferdinand appointed his younger brother Ferdinand II administrator in the Kingdom of Bohemia, nevertheless Maximilian's right of succession as the future king was recognised in 1549. Another of his sons, Matthias, also became emperor; three others, Ernest, Albert and Maximilian, took some part in the government of the Habsburg territories or of the Netherlands, and a daughter, Elizabeth, married Charles IX of France. Title: Portrait d'Anne d'Autriche, fille de l'Empereur Maximilien II, Reine d'Espagne, femme de Philippe II, ca. In 1570 the emperor met the diet of Speyer and asked for aid to place his eastern borders in a state of defence, and also for power to repress the disorder caused by troops in the service of foreign powers passing through Germany. Maximilian's relations with his uncle worsened, as Charles V, again embattled by rebellious Protestant princes led by Elector Maurice of Saxony, wished his son Philip II of Spain to succeed him as emperor. He was the first King of the Romans not to be crowned in Aachen. The new emperor had already shown that he believed in the necessity for a thorough reform of the Church. May 6 » Spanish and German troops sack Rome; many scholars consider this the end of the Renaissance. By the marriage his uncle intended to strengthen the ties with the Spanish branch of the Habsburgs, but also to consolidate his nephew's Catholic faith. Archduke Ferdinand of Austria (28 March 1551 – 25 June 1552). -1792-1806 : François II, aussi empereur romain germanique sous le nom de François II Empire d'Autriche En 1804, l'Autriche devient un empire et François II devient empereur sous le nom de François Ier Empereurs d'Autriche-1804-1835 : François Ier -1835-1848 : Ferdinand Ier -1848-1867 : François-Joseph Ier Double monarchie d'Autriche-Hongrie Meraviglioso il Castello di Miramare che si affaccia sul golfo di Trieste, a pochi chilometri a nord della città, e venne costruito per volere di Massimiliano d'Asburgo , arciduca d'Austria e imperatoredel Messico e successivamente fu dimora del Duca Amedeo d'Aosta. In 1575, Maximilian was elected by the part of Polish and Lithuanian magnates to be the King of Poland in opposition to Stephan IV Bathory, but he did not manage to become widely accepted there and was forced to leave Poland. Maximilien de Hohenberg, né le 29 septembre 1902 à Vienne, mort le 8 janvier 1962 à Vienne. Maximilian II was a member of the Order of the Golden Fleece. In 1794, his domains were overrun by the troops of Revolutionary France. Now click on the desired name to select the person. He was succeeded by his eldest surviving son, Rudolf, who had been chosen king of the Romans in October 1575. According to Fichtner, Maximilian failed to achieve his three major aims: rationalizing the government structure, unifying Christianity, and evicting the Turks from Hungary.[3]. Named after her deceased older sister. Generations are numbered by male-line descent from the first archdukes. By his wife Maria he had a family of ten sons and six daughters. Fears were freely expressed that he would definitely leave the Catholic Church, and when his father Ferdinand became emperor in 1558 he was prepared to assure Pope Paul IV that his son should not succeed him if he took this step. Be warned. He proposed that his consent should be necessary before any soldiers for foreign service were recruited in the empire; but the estates were unwilling to strengthen the imperial authority, the Protestant princes regarded the suggestion as an attempt to prevent them from assisting their co-religionists in France and the Netherlands, and nothing was done in this direction, although some assistance was voted for the defense of Austria. At the time of his birth, his father Ferdinand succeeded his brother-in-law King Louis II in the Kingdom of Bohemia and the Kingdom of Hungary, laying the grounds for the global Habsburg Monarchy. Maximilian was born in Vienna, Austria, the eldest son of the Habsburg archduke Ferdinand I, younger brother of Emperor Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, and the Jagiellonian princess Anne of Bohemia and Hungary (1503–1547). View PORTRAIT DE MAXIMILIEN II DAUTRICHE 1527-1576 by Sofonisba Anguissola on artnet. Sfoglia parole milioni e frasi in tutte le lingue. On 8 September 1563 he was crowned King of Hungary and Croatia in the Hungarian capital Pressburg (Pozsony in Hungarian; now Bratislava, Slovakia). Maximilien III de Habsbourg, archiduc d'Autriche, mieux connu sous le nom Massimiliano Maître Teutonique, était le troisième fils de l'empereur Maximilien II et Maria de l'Espagne. Maximilian II (31 July 1527 – 12 October 1576), a member of the Austrian House of Habsburg, was Holy Roman Emperor from 1564 until his death. Correspondance de l'empereur Maximilien Ier et de Marguerite d'Autriche ... de 1507 à 1519 by Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor, 1459-1519; Le Glay, André Joseph Ghislain, 1785-1863; Margaret, of Austria, Regent of the Netherlands, 1480-1530 Request permission to copy data or at least inform the author, chances are that the author gives permission, often the contact also leads to more exchange of data. They come from many sources and are not checked. The religious views of the future King of Bohemia had always been somewhat uncertain, and he had probably learned something of Lutheranism in his youth; but his amicable relations with several Protestant princes, which began about the time of the discussion over the succession, were probably due more to political than to religious considerations. He also was faced with the ongoing Ottoman–Habsburg wars and rising conflicts with his Habsburg Spain cousins. He was a brother of Holy Roman Emperors Joseph II and Leopold II as well as of Queen Marie Antoinette of France. In 1551 Maximilian attended the Council of Trent and the next year took up his residence at Hofburg Palace in Vienna, celebrated by a triumphal return into the city with a large entourage including the elephant Suleiman. Translation memories are created by human, but computer aligned, which might cause mistakes. This arrangement was not carried out, and is only important because the insistence of the emperor seriously disturbed the harmonious relations that had hitherto existed between the two branches of the Habsburg family; an illness that befell Maximilian in 1552 was attributed to poison given to him in the interests of his cousin and brother-in-law, Philip II of Spain. search for your ancestors and publish your family tree, empereur Maximilien II d'Autriche (1527-1576), https://www.genealogieonline.nl/rois-europe/I31500.php, A genealogical internet service provided by. 10 mai 1481: François II et Edouard IV d'Angleterre signent un traité d'alliance contre Louis XI. He was unable, however, to obtain the consent of Pope Pius IV to the marriage of the clergy, and in 1568 the concession of communion in both kinds to the laity was withdrawn. Archduchess Marie of Austria (27 July 1555 – 25 June 1556). On 25 July 1564 he succeeded his father Ferdinand I as ruler of the Holy Roman Empire.[1][2]. Found 0 sentences matching phrase "Maximilien II du Saint-Empire".Found in 2 ms. Maximilian sought the support of the German princes such as Duke Albert V of Bavaria and even contacted Protestant leaders like Maurice of Saxony and Duke Christoph of Württemberg. From the age of 17, he gained some experience of warfare during the Italian War campaign of his uncle Charles V against King Francis I of France in 1544, and also during the Schmalkaldic War. Portrait présumé de Maximilien II d'Autriche (1527-1576), by Sofonisba ANGUISCIOLA (c.1530-1625) Oil/ivoire (ovale), 5 x 3 7/8 in 12.8 x 9.69 cm. July 12 » Lê Cung Hoàng ceded the throne to Mạc Đăng Dung, ending the Lê dynasty and starting the Mạc dynasty. Maximilian's library curated by Hugo Blotius later became the nucleus of the Austrian National Library. Carlotta del Belgio (nome completo in francese Marie Charlotte Amélie Augustine Victoire Clémentine Léopoldine; Laeken, 7 giugno 1840 – Meise, 19 gennaio 1927), nata principessa del Belgio, divenne arciduchessa d'Austria e imperatrice del Messico grazie alle sue nozze con Massimiliano I Yet on a personal basis he granted freedom of worship to the Protestant nobility and worked for reform in the Roman Catholic Church, including the right of priests to marry. A list of names from the publication appears. With neither side winning a decisive engagement, Maximilian's ambassadors Antun Vrančić and Christoph Teuffenbach would meet with the Ottoman Grand Vizier Sokollu Mehmed Pasha in Adrianople to negotiate a truce in 1568. July 11 » While exploring the North Atlantic Ocean in an attempt to find the Northwest Passage, Martin Frobisher sights Greenland, mistaking it for the hypothesized (but non-existent) island of "Frisland". Although data is often retrieved from public archives, the searching, interpreting, collecting, selecting and sorting of the data results in a unique product. The court held close ties to the University of Vienna and employed scholars like the botanist Carolus Clusius and the diplomat Ogier Ghiselin de Busbecq. He was crowned King of Bohemia in Prague on 14 May 1562 and elected King of Germany (King of the Romans) on 24 November 1562. Evidence of this friendly feeling was given in 1570, when the emperor's daughter, Anna, became the fourth wife of Philip; but Maximilian was unable to moderate the harsh proceedings of the Spanish king against the revolting inhabitants of the Netherlands. 16 avril 1481: François II et Maximilien d'Autriche signent un traité d'alliance contre Louis XI. Maximilien I er Portrait de l'empereur Maximilien I er par Albrecht Dürer . March 25 » Jerome Savage takes out a sub-lease to start the Newington Butts Theatre outside London. Showing page 1. Maximilian temporarily acted as the emperor's representative in Spain, however not as stadtholder of the Habsburg Netherlands as he had hoped for. He was married on September 13, 1548 to Marie d'Autriche, they had 3 children. This failed because of Spanish opposition. Maximilien III de Habsbourg, surnommé le Maître allemand (der Deutschmeister), est né le 12 octobre 1558 à Wiener Neustadt en Autriche et mort le 2 novembre 1618 à Vienne (Autriche).Il fut archiduc d'Autriche antérieure et gouverneur du Tyrol. Archiduc d'Autriche, Roi des Romain (1486-1519), Empereur germanique(1493-1519) Fils de l'empereur Fr d ric III, Maximilien fut lu roi de Germanie en 1486 l'unanimit par les princes allemands et succ da son p re en 1493, mais il ne se fit jamais couronner par le pape. A partir de 1585 partir, il est devenu Among his teachers were humanist scholars like Kaspar Ursinus Velius and Georg Tannstetter. June 22 » Fatahillah expels Portuguese forces from Sunda Kelapa, now regarded as the foundation of Jakarta. July 12 » Mughal Empire annexes Bengal after defeating the Bengal Sultanate at the Battle of Rajmahal. ; dal Laborde nella « Revue ar-chéologique » VII (1850) 40 sg., da H. Zimmermann nello « Jahrbuch dei- kunst-historischen Sammlungen des allerhochsten … On 13 September 1548, Maximilian married his first cousin Maria of Spain, daughter of Emperor Charles V and Isabella of Portugal. Il est un prince européen des XVe et XVIe siècles. They come from many sources and are not checked. In November 1562 Maximilian was chosen King of the Romans, or German king, by the electoral college at Frankfurt, where he was crowned a few days later, after assuring the Catholic electors of his fidelity to their faith, and promising the Protestant electors that he would publicly accept the confession of Augsburg when he became emperor. Fils de l'empereur du Saint-Empire romain germanique Maximilien Ier et de Marie, duchesse de Bourgogne, il meurt avant … However, in Vienna he became very intimate with Sebastian Pfauser [de], a court preacher influenced by Heinrich Bullinger with strong leanings towards Lutheranism, and his religious attitude caused some uneasiness to his father. The relationship between the two cousins was uneasy. Do not use this data until you have checked it, preferably at the source (the archives). This functionality is only available in Javascript supporting browsers. Questo sito utilizza cookies tecnici allo scopo di consentire all'Utente la navigazione e la fruizione dei servizi richiesti, e consente altresì l'invio di … Though a Habsburg and a Catholic, he approached the Lutheran Imperial estates with a view to overcome the denominational schism,[further explanation needed] which ultimately failed. 2011, France Subscribers only 2011, France Need access to detailed information? 1575–1599 Medium: oil on panel May 1 » Stephen Báthory, the reigning Prince of Transylvania, marries Anna Jagiellon and they become co-rulers of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. Maximilien II du Saint-Empire fordítása a francia - magyar szótárban, a Glosbe ingyenes online szótárcsaládjában. Maximilien Ier archiduc d'Autriche (empereur du Mexique) Licensing . Archduke Charles of Austria (26 September 1565 – 23 May 1566). The couple had sixteen children: Maximilian II, by the grace of God elected Holy Roman Emperor, forever August, King in Germany, of Hungary, Bohemia, Dalmatia, Croatia, Slavonia, etc. Maximilian died on 12 October 1576 in Regensburg while preparing to invade Poland. This page was last edited on 8 September 2020, at 18:42. August 8 » The cornerstone for Tycho Brahe's Uraniborg observatory is laid on the island of Hven. Eventually Maximilian remained nominally an adherent of the older faith, although his views were tinged with Lutheranism until the end of his life. The terms of the Treaty of Adrianople required the Emperor to recognise Ottoman suzerainty over Transylvania, Wallachia, and Moldavia. October 20 » The city of La Paz is founded by Alonso de Mendoza. The author of this publication would love to hear from you! Böngésszen milliónyi szót és kifejezést a világ minden nyelvén. Maximilian's power was very limited; it was inability rather than unwillingness that prevented him from yielding to the entreaties of Pope Pius V to join in an attack on the Turks both before and after the victory of Lepanto in 1571; and he remained inert while the authority of the empire in north-eastern Europe was threatened. While Philip had been raised a Spaniard and barely travelled out of the kingdom during his life, Maximilian identified himself as the quintessential German prince and often displayed a strong dislike of Spaniards, whom he considered as intolerant and arrogant. On his part Maximilian granted religious liberty to the Lutheran nobles and knights in Austria, and refused to allow the publication of the decrees of the council of Trent. Titré duc de Hohenberg en 1917. In Vienna, he had his Hofburg residence extended with the Renaissance Stallburg wing, the site of the later Spanish Riding School, and also ordered the construction of Neugebäude Palace in Simmering.
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