Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. [6], To remove Condé from Paris, Mazarin arranged for him to lead anti-Habsburg forces in the Catalan revolt known as the Reapers' War. Corrections? Genealogy profile for Louis Armand II de Bourbon, prince de Conti. [12] His masterpiece, the Battle of Rocroi, is still studied by students of military strategy. Together with the Marshal de Turenne he led the French to a favorable peace in the Thirty Years' War. Find a Grave, database and images ( accessed ), memorial page for Louis II de Bourbon-Vendome (1612–6 Aug 1669), Find a Grave Memorial no. It might be outdated or ideologically biased. In 1643 his success at the Battle of Rocroi, in which he led the French army to an unexpected and decisive victory over the Spanish, established him as a great general and popular hero in France. His father betrothed him to Claire-Clémence de Maillé-Brézé, niece of Cardinal Richelieu, before he joined the army in 1640. Source Escalier d’honneur du palais ducal de Moulins. [3] Although she bore her husband three children, Enghien later claimed she committed adultery with different men in order to justify locking her away at Châteauroux, but the charge was widely disbelieved: Saint-Simon, while admitting that she was homely and dull, praised her virtue, piety and gentleness in the face of relentless abuse.[4]. The resulting uncertain balance of power between crown and nobility inspired Condé to rebel himself, starting the far more serious Fronde des nobles. In 1643 Enghien was appointed to command against the Spanish in northern France. His father gave to the duc d’Enghien, as the Great Condé was at first called, a complete and strict education: six years with the Jesuits at Bourges, as well as mathematics and horsemanship at the Royal Academy at Paris. Il est le fils du prince Henri II de Bourbon-Condé et de Charlotte de Montmorency, et le frère d'Anne-Geneviève (connue sous le nom de Madame de Longueville, elle a joué un rôle important pendant la Fronde des princes) et de Armand de Bourbon-Condé, prince de Conti. The Discover life events, stories and photos about Prince Louis De Bourbon II (1465-1500) of Benwick, Cambridgeshire, England. A cultivated man, according to Mlle de Scudéry, who depicted him in her novel Artamène, ou le Grand Cyrus (1649–53), he was also a patron of the arts. This page was last edited on 1 December 2020, at 10:02. 65703171, citing Abbaye de Souvigny, Souvigny, Departement de l'Allier, Auvergne, France ; Maintained by Find A Grave . The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). The princes de Condé were the heads of an important French branch of the House of Bourbon. Louis II de Bourbon, Prince de Condé Origin France Date Made 1662 Medium Engraving on paper Dimensions 362 × 282 mm Credit Line Given in memory of Mrs. Philo Adams Otis Reference Number 1944.570 Extended information about this artwork Condé's vast domains included Burgundy and Berry, while the Prince de Conti, his brother, held Champagne and his brother-in-law, Longueville, controlled Normandy. The following year, again in the company of Louis XIV and of the army of Flanders, he had to reach Alsace, which had been threatened by Turenne’s death, hastily. Upon the Grand Condé’s death, Louis XIV pronounced that he had lost "the greatest man in my kingdom.". Omissions? The Battle of Freiburg was desperately contested but after Rocroi, numerous fortresses opened their gates to the duke. Genealogy for Louis Armand II de Bourbon-Conti, duc de Mercoeur (1695 - 1727) family tree on Geni, with over 200 million profiles of ancestors and living relatives. Duke of Orléans (French: Duc d'Orléans) was a French royal title usually granted by the King of France to one of his close relatives (usually a younger brother or son), or otherwise inherited through the male line. But it was in his eagerness for battle, his quick decision in action, and the stern will which sent his regiments to face the heaviest losses, that Condé earned the right to be compared to the great generals of his time. Among his early victories in the Thirty Years War [2] were those of Rocroi (1643), Freiburg (1644), Nördlingen (1645), and Lens (1648). The moral temper and philosophy of this prince, so removed from the conventional standards of his day, were revealed by his libertine youth and by doctrinally questionable relationships—among them that with Pierre-Michon Bourdelot, a philosopher and skeptical doctor, and with the philosopher Spinoza, whom he tried to meet in Holland—by his nonobservance of all religious practices, and by his aggressive atheism—despite his honourable fidelity to the Jesuits who had instructed him. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. In mid-1686, Louise Françoise, later known as 'Madame la Duchesse', contracted smallpox while at Fontainebleau; Condé helped nurse her back to health, and prevented Louis from seeing her for his own safety. After the Peace of the Pyrenees had been signed (1659), Condé returned to Paris and, reentering the king’s good graces, was received by him at Aix-en-Provence on Jan. 27, 1660. At the Battle of Rocroi, Enghien himself conceived and directed the decisive victory. …of the Princes, headed by the Great Condé. He was now completely re-established in the favour of King Louis XIV, and with Turenne, was appointed the principal French commander in the celebrated campaign of 1672 against the Dutch. The capture of Philippsburg was the most important of his other achievements during this campaign. Louis II, duc de Bourbon. Louis II [1] de Bourbon Condé, prince de, 1621–86, French general, called the Great Condé; son of Henri II de Condé. Louis II De Bourbon Paperback – Large Print, October 27, 2009. by . He was a colorful character to be sure, alternately regarded as a war hero, a traitor and the savior of his country. As Mazarin had intended, Condé could achieve little; however, a Spanish revival in the Low Countries led to his recall and victory at Lens in August 1648. Updates? Louis II de Bourbon, né le 4 février 1337, mort au château de Montluçon le 10 août 1410, fut duc de Bourbon de 1356 à 1410, baron de Combrailles en 1400 et comte de Forez par mariage. There, he once more confronted an old adversary, Raimondo Montecuccoli, Austria’s foremost commander, whom he forced to raise the siege of Haguenau and to withdraw across the Rhine. He later became one of King Louis XIV’s greatest generals. Louis’s father died on Dec. 26, 1646, and he then became both prince de Condé and heir to an enormous fortune. English: Louis II de Bourbon, Prince de Condé 8 September, 1621 – 11 November, 1686) was a French soldier and the most famous representative of the Condé branch of the House of Bourbon.Prior to his father's death in 1646, he was styled the Duc d'Enghien. Louis II de Bourbon, Prince of Condé (8 September 1621 – 11 December 1686), known as the Great Condé (French: Le Grand Condé) for his military exploits, was a French general and the most illustrious representative of the Condé branch of the House of Bourbon. At the forcing of the Rhine passage at Tolhuis (June 12), he received a severe wound, after which he commanded in Alsace against the Imperials. In January 1650, he was arrested, along with Conti and Longueville; imprisoned at Vincennes, and when asked if he needed reading material, he allegedly replied 'The memoirs of M de Beaufort,' who had made a dramatic escape from the same prison two years earlier.[7]. [2] He also won Richelieu's favor when he was present with the Cardinal during the plot of Cinq Mars, and afterwards fought in the Siege of Perpignan (1642). He returned to France only after the Treaty of the Pyrenees in 1659, but soon received military commands again. This was his last campaign and victory. He later became one of King Louis XIV’s greatest generals. André Le Nôtre landscaped his park at Chantilly; Pierre Mignard and Charles Le Brun decorated the walls of his palace with mythological paintings; Antoine Coysevox sculpted a famous bust of him; and Pérelle and Jean Berain painted views of his palace. By 1648, this had become an increasingly bitter, multi-sided conflict between the Spanish, the Catalan nobility supported by France, and the Catalan peasantry. With the marshal de Turenne, he was victorious at Freiburg, Philippsburg, Mainz, and Nördlingen. To these traits he added peerless courage—as may be seen by his help and protection of Protestants who were persecuted after the revocation of the Edict of Nantes (1685). Louis II de Bourbon, né le 4 février 1337, mort au château de Montluçon le 10 août 1410, fut duc de Bourbon de 1356 à 1410, baron de Combrailles en 1400 et comte de Forez par mariage. This Louis F. de Bourbon you never the Duke de PenthieVre. He was sentenced to death as a rebel on Nov. 25, 1654. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). In 1641, Louis XIII had granted him Clermont-en-Argonne, ceded to France by the Duchy of Lorraine; in 1648, this was converted to an appanage, effectively making it independent of royal authority. DE BOURBON, Prince of (1621–1686), called the Great Condé, was the son of Henry, prince of Condé, and Charlotte Marguerite de Montmorency, and was born at Paris on the 8th of September 1621. II. ... to be in doubt." When she took up the challenge, he launched an open rebellion in the southwest (September 1651), allied himself with Spain, and made his way to Paris, where he was able for a time to defy the royal army commanded by Turenne. His attitude both to religion and to politics was unorthodox, for he was as rebellious to ecclesiastical dogma as to the authority of the king. Find a Grave, database and images ( accessed ), memorial page for Louis II de Bourbon (4 Aug 1337–19 Aug 1410), Find a Grave Memorial no. Portraits and busts of Condé suggest rapacity: wide, protruding eyes and a prominently downcurving “Bourbon” nose dominate a thin and bony face in which a willful mouth overshadows a receding chin. With varying fortunes he opposed the royal army for four years more but was finally defeated at the Battle of the Dunes before Dunkirk (Dunkerque) on June 14, 1658. The royal forces under Turenne defeated Condé at the Battle of the Faubourg St Antoine in July 1652, ending the Fronde as a serious military threat. Enghien took part with distinction in the siege of Arras. The second phase was a pale reflection of the aristocratic resistance during the Wars of Religion; and, although Condé succeeded in gaining control of Paris, he did not acquire the support of the Parlement except briefly and under duress. Anonymous (Author) See all 4 formats and editions Hide other formats and editions. Despite victory over Turenne at Valenciennes in 1656,[2] defeat at the Battle of the Dunes in June 1658[8] led to the Treaty of the Pyrenees in 1659. on Louis II De Bourbon (French Edition) [Anonymous, .] Louis II, Duke of Bourbon was born in 1337, to Peter I, Duke of Bourbon and Isabella of Valois, Duchess of Bourbon. Thenceforth, he comported himself as a humble and loyal servant of the king, who, however, was long at pains to keep him from any military command. After this campaign, prematurely worn out by toils and excesses, and tortured by gout, Condé returned to the Château de Chantilly, where he spent his last eleven years in quiet retirement. He was one of Louis XIV's most pre-eminent generals. The Prince's retirement, which was only broken by the Polish question and by his personal intercession on behalf of Fouquet in 1664, ended in 1668. Condé is particularly celebrated for his triumphs in the Thirty Years' War, notably at Rocroi, and his campaigns against the Grand Alliance in the Franco-Dutch War. French military leader. He also enjoyed the conversation of Bishop Bossuet, François Fénelon, and Nicolas Malebranche, all of whom were at Chantilly. Condé, Louis II de Bourbon Born Sept. 8, 1621, in Paris; died Dec. 11, 1686, in Fontainebleau. Having completed the evacuation of the United Provinces, he halted the prince of Orange’s army at Seneffe in the Spanish Netherlands (Aug. 11, 1674), then raised the siege of Oudenarde. He also rebelled against Louis XIV a… Thereupon, his friends launched the second war of the Fronde, which ended with Condé’s release and Mazarin’s first voluntary exile. [2] Despite being in love with Mlle du Vigean, daughter of the king's gentleman of the bedchamber François Poussard, he was compelled by his father to marry his fiancée who was thirteen. He was one of Louis XIV's most pre-eminent generals. [a][9] This battle, fought on August 11, was one of the hardest of the century, and Condé, who displayed the reckless bravery of his youth, had three horses killed under him. Il défend d'abord le parti de la cour, la régence durant la minorité de Louis XIV étant assumée par sa mère Anne d'Autriche, secondée par le cardinal Mazarin, premier ministre, puis il prend parti contre Mazarin qu'il appelle « le faquin écarlate ». Hi full Louis was a name was Jean Marie de Bourbon. Louis II Capet de Bourbon, Duke of Bourbon, Count of Forez, Baron of Combrailles, was born 4 February 1337 to Pierre I de Bourbon (1311-1356) and Isabella de Valois (1313-1383) and died 10 August 1410 inMontluçon of unspecified causes. Shortly after their release in February 1651, the diverging interests of the two rebellious parties led to a shift of alliances, with the crown and Parlements against Condé's party of the high nobility. Louis II de Bourbon, 4e prince de Condé, byname the Great Condé, French le Grand Condé, also called duc d’Enghien, (born Sept. 8, 1621, Paris, France—died Dec. 11, 1686, Fontainebleau), leader of the last of the series of aristocratic uprisings in France known as the Fronde (1648–53). [10] In his last letter to Louis, he asked that his estranged wife never be released from her exile to the countryside; she survived until 1694. Condé, Louis II de Bourbon Born Sept. 8, 1621, in Paris; died Dec. 11, 1686, in Fontainebleau. Here he assembled a brilliant circle of literary men, including Molière, Racine, Boileau, La Fontaine, Nicole, Bourdaloue, and Bossuet. At the end of his life, Condé specially sought the companionship of Bourdaloue, Pierre Nicole, and Bossuet, and devoted himself to religious exercises. Bending his knee to the rising Sun King, Condé was pardoned and restored to his previous titles, but his power as an independent prince was broken.[2]. Louis II de Bourbon-Condé est un cousin issu de germain de Louis XIV, leurs arrières grands-pères Louis Ier de Bourbon-Condé et Antoine de Bourbon étaient frères. 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Condé's father saw to it that his son received a thorough education – Louis studied history, law, and mathematics during six years at the Jesuits' school at Bourges. In 1685, his only surviving grandson, Louis de Bourbon, married Louise Françoise, eldest surviving daughter of Louis and his mistress Madame de Montespan. His will admitted no constraint, and his arrogance augured nothing for his equals but distrust. Louis II De Bourbon (French Edition) Grand capitaine de son temps, ce prince sage servit avec fidélité la monarchie française pendant plus d’un demi-siècle. Although his youthful marriage to Claire Clémence de Maillé had brought him a dowry of 600,000 livres and many lands, Condé's lifelong resentment of his forced marriage to a social inferior persisted. He married Anne de Forez (1358-1417) 19 August 1371 JL . Price New from Used from Hardcover "Please retry" $55.99 . Louis II de Bourbon, 4e prince de Condé, leader of the last of the series of aristocratic uprisings in France known as the Fronde (1648–53). Surnommé le Bon Duc , il est considéré par ses contemporains comme le modèle du prince idéal . The Great Condé was the elder son of Henry II de Bourbon, 3rd prince de Condé, and of his wife, Charlotte de Montmorency. Though he was without doubt, with Turenne, the greatest captain of his day, he was also a man of unrestrained temper and limitless pride—in himself, his race, and his house.
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